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Assisi is a town and comune of Italy in province of Perugia, in the Umbria region and on the western flank of Monte Subasio.
It was the birthplace of St. Francis, who founded the Franciscan religious order in the town in 1208, and St. Clare (Chiara dOffreducci), the founder of the order of Poor Clares. Saint Gabriel of Our Lady of Sorrows of the 19th century was also born in Assisi.
The town is dominated by two medieval castles. The larger, called Rocca Maggiore, is a massive presence meant to intimidate the people of the town: it was built by Cardinal Albornoz (1367) and added to by Popes Pius II and Paul III. The smaller of the two was built much earlier, in the Roman era. However, not all of it stands, and only a small portion and three towers are open to the public.
Festival Calendimaggio, held on May 1–5, is a re-enactment of medieval and Renaissance life in the form of a challenge between the upper faction and the lower faction of the town. It includes processions, theatrical presentations, flag-weavers and dances.
Assisi Embroidery is a form of counted-thread embroidery which has been practised in Assisi since the 13th century.
Today the town has many groups coming to enjoy the simple peace of St. Francis. One such group has restored an 11th-century room and added altars to the worlds religions. Other organizations, such as Assisi Performing Arts, complement Assisis tranquility with music and other cultural events.